Monday, 5 September 2022

Step-by-Step Guide What are the Steps Required to become a Commercial Pilot?

Step-by-Step Guide

What are the Steps Required to become a Commercial Pilot?

Step 1

1. Earn Private Pilot Certificate

The first step in becoming a commercial Pilot is to earn a Private Pilot certificate, issued by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA). Starting in a single-engine airplane, this stage of training focuses on the fundamentals and sets the foundation for more advanced certificates and ratings.


Step 2

2. Add Instrument Rating

After becoming a private Pilot, the next step is to earn an instrument rating which allows a Pilot to fly under Instrument Flight Rules (IFR) and in all kinds of weather.


Step 3

3. Earn Commercial Pilot Certificate

Next is earning a Commercial Pilot certificate. Pilots must meet specific experience requirements and fly to a higher standard in order to become commercial Pilots, which ultimately allows them to legally be paid to fly.


Step 4

4. Earn Flight Instructor Certificate

Once the commercial Pilot requirements are satisfied, obtain a Flight Instructor certificate. Becoming a certificated flight instructor (CFI) allows Pilots to earn a living flying, while they earn the flight experience required by the airlines.


Step 5

5. Add Multi-Engine Rating

To fly large passenger airliners, Pilots must add multi-engine privileges to their Pilot commercial certificate. Adding a multi-engine rating to the Commercial Pilot certificate is the final step before building experience to meet hiring minimums.


Step 6

6. Gain Experience & Interview

Flight instructs to gain the type of quality and relevant flight experience necessary to meet the requirements of the Airline Transport Pilot (ATP) certificate, which commercial Pilots are required to hold and includes a minimum of 1,500 hours total flight time.


Between 500 and 1,500 hours of total flight time, interview with your desired airline for the position of First Officer. Airlines typically conduct both a technical interview and an HR interview. Upon successful completion, you will receive a conditional offer of employment.


Step 7

7. Commercial Pilot Job

Upon meeting the requirements of the Airline Transport Pilot certificate, you are eligible to fly as an airline Pilot and will meet the hiring minimums of most regional commercial airline Pilot jobs. ATP's Airline Career Pilot Program can take you from zero time to airline Pilot job in two years. View the training timeline »


If your career goal is to get a job flying for American Airlines, learn about how to participate in the cadet program and become a Pilot for American Airlines. While the typical career progression is to first fly for a regional airline, then advance to a major airline, direct programs allow you to go straight to select major airlines at 1,500 hours.



Tuition for up to 19 credit hours, for undergrad and grad school, is $3,006 per semester. Flight training ranges from $8,859 for private Pilot single-engine to $15,300 for commercial multi engine training. The school has a Cessna fleet of 24 aircraft, including 152s and 172s


Important documents required to transfer from one university to another

-Students are required to have a valid i20

-Students are required to have in possession an F1 or J1 Visa

-It is mandatory for the student to clear all financial dues in his current university and meet all finances from his new university

-Both universities must be open to the policy of transferring students from one university to another in the United States.

 Get in touch with the new university

While considering the transfer option, it is necessary for you to check the features and policies of the university you wish to get transferred to. Right from the course curriculum, infrastructure to course fees and faculty need to be checked so that you can select the right university this time. Once you are certain about your choice of university, you need to gather information about the transfer policies of that institution so that you can start the transfer process.

 Certificates and Ratings

In order to become a commercial airline Pilot, there are several certificates and ratings that you will need. The first thing you will need is a private Pilot licence, which will allow you to fly on your own, but does not allow you to receive payment for flying.


Commercial Pilot certificate

Next, you will need a commercial Pilot certificate, which allows you to receive payment for your flight services. You earn this certificate by passing commercial Pilot ground school and logging at least 250 flight hours, with allotted time dedicated to certain conditions and maneuvers. After you have passed your written ground school test and logged your hours, you will need to pass a check-ride. This is a lot like the driving test required in order to receive a driver’s licence; in the check-ride, a Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) examiner will ask you to plan a flight, quiz you on aviation matters, and then accompany you on a flight. Like with a driving test, you will be asked to execute certain maneuvers and your examiner will direct your flying throughout the flight. After the test, if everything goes well, you will be issued a commercial Pilot’s certificate.


Medical certificate

Additionally, in order to become a commercial airline Pilot, you will need an up-to-date first- or second-class medical certificate. To receive this, an Aviation Medical Examiner will need to verify that you meet the health and fitness requirements to be a Pilot. As a commercial airline Pilot, you will be subject to these examinations throughout your career; captains need to pass a physical exam once every six months, and other commercial airline Pilots need to pass an exam every year. If a health problem is discovered, you could be out of a job.


Instrument Rating

You will also need to get an instrument rating in order to fly with low visibility (in adverse weather and in clouds). You receive this rating by passing instrument ground school, logging a specified number of instrument flight hours (flying without visibility), and passing an instrument rating check-ride.


Multi-Engine Rating

Next, you will need a multi-engine rating. This will allow you to fly planes with multiple engines, which is most likely what you will fly as a commercial airline Pilot. To receive this rating, you will need to take some lessons and mass a multi-engine check-ride.


Airline Transport Pilot Certificate

At one point or another, most commercial airline Pilots also get an airline transport Pilot certificate. This is the highest Pilot certificate and allows you to be the Pilot in command (captain) of a large commercial aircraft. For this certificate, you will need to pass a written test, have a first-class medical certificate, be a high school graduate, and have logged 1,500 flight hours, including 250 hours as the Pilot in command.


@Rumana Maner HR Manager

Sunday, 4 September 2022

Tupolev Tu-134 72–84 Passenger Twin Jet Short-Range Airliner

 Tupolev Tu-134 72–84 Passenger Twin Jet Short-Range Airliner

#Tupolev #Tu-134 72–84 #Passenger #Twin #Jet #Short-Range #Airliner

#What is the Tupolev Tu-134.

#When did the Tu-124 come into service.

#Where did the Tu-134 make its first flight.

#How many passengers can a Tu-134 hold.

The Tupolev Tu-134 (NATO reporting name: Crusty) is a twin-engined, narrow-body jet airliner built in the Soviet Union for short and medium-haul routes from 1966 to 1989. The original version featured a glazed-nose design and, like certain other Russian airliners (including its sister model the Tu-154), it can operate from unpaved airfields.

One of the most widely used aircraft in former Comecon countries, the number in active service is decreasing because of operational safety concerns and noise restrictions. The model has seen long-term service with some 42 countries, with some European airlines having scheduled as many as 12 daily takeoffs and landings per plane. In addition to regular passenger service, it has also been used in various air force, army and navy support roles; for pilot and navigator training; and for aviation research and test projects. In recent years, a number of Tu-134s have been converted for use as VIP transports and business jets. A total of 854 Tu-134s were built of all versions (including test bed examples) with Aeroflot as the largest user; by 1995, the Tu-134 had carried 360 million passengers for that airline.


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1)ATR 42

About The ATR 42

The ATR 42 is a regional airliner produced by Franco-Italian manufacturer ATR, with final assembly in Toulouse, France. On 4 November 1981, the aircraft was launched with ATR, as a joint venture between French Aérospatiale (now Airbus) and Aeritalia (now Leonardo S.p.A.). The ATR 42-300 performed its maiden flight on 16 August 1984 and type certification was granted during September 1985. Launch customer Air Littoral operated its first revenue-earning flight in December of that year.


The high-wing airliner is powered by two turboprop engines, Pratt & Whitney Canada PW120s. Capacity varies between 40 and 52 passengers, hence the "42" in its name. Later variants are upgraded with new avionics, a glass cockpit, and newer engine versions

2)ATR 72

About The ATR 72

The ATR 72 is a twin-engine turboprop, short-haul regional airliner developed and produced in France and Italy by aircraft manufacturer ATR, a joint venture formed by French aerospace company Aérospatiale and Italian aviation conglomerate Aeritalia

Perfect Ferry Airliner

capable of accommodating a maximum of 78 passengers. It is powered by a pair of Pratt & Whitney Canada PW100 turboprop engines, which drive an arrangement of four or six-bladed propellers supplied by Hamilton Standard. Earlier models of the ATR 72 are equipped with the older PW124B engine, rated at 2,400 shp, whilst later-built aircraft are powered by the newer PW127 engine, rated at a maximum of 2,750 shp to achieve improved "hot and high" takeoff performance. It can land and takeoff in high airports with short runways like the Andorra Airport

3)Bombardier Dash-8 Q400

About The Q400

the De Havilland Canada (DHC)-8. The DHC-8, also known as the Bombardier Q400 is a shorter distance passenger plane operated by smaller local airlines. Variants allowed between 68 and 80 passengers.

The DHC-8 is still a staple of modern, short distance air travel, with over 1200 aircraft produced over its almost 40-year production run, which continues to this day. In 2018, however, Bombardier sold the DHC-8 program to Longview Aviation, with production still continuing.

Common Regional Airliner

Seating up to 90 passengers, the Dash 8-400 is the highest capacity turboprop on the market today and has the lowest unit cost

4)Cessna 425 Corsair

About The Cessna 425 Corsair

The Cessna 425 Corsair was a utility turboprop used primarily for private use. Built in the 1980s, this reportedly comfortable airplane was capable of seating two crew and four to six passengers. It was known by those familiar with the craft for its large windows and comfortable seating

One Of The Best Private Regional Aircrafts

Despite its foundational role in Cessna’s turboprop development, this plane was no slow-poke. To complete its long list of selling points at the time was the zippy 268 knot (309 mph) top speed this plane boasted. There can be no doubt that this plane could whisk its VIP passengers around in speed and style

5)Saab 340

About The Saab 340

The Saab 340 is a Swedish twin-engine turboprop aircraft designed and initially produced by Saab AB and Fairchild Aircraft. It is designed to seat 30-36 passengers and, as of July 2018, there were 240 operational aircraft used by 34 different operators.

Popular Choice

Rapidly demonstrating the wide array of applications for twin turboprops, the Saab 340 is a commercial aircraft employed by multiple local and regional airlines around the world. These aircraft blend higher passenger capacity with the fuel savings of a turboprop over a jet engine, making them a popular choice

Rudraksh Kapooria

Grade 9,

The Shishukunj International School, Indore


Aircraft List







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1)Pilatus PC-12

About The Pilatus PC-12

The Pilatus PC-12 is a single-engine turboprop passenger and cargo aircraft manufactured by Pilatus Aircraft of Stans, Switzerland, since 1991. The main market for the aircraft is corporate transport and regional airliner operators

Cheap To Operate

Pilatus' PC-12NG burns about 70.20 gallons of fuel per hour. At $5.00 a gallon, fuel is going to cost you $351.00 per hour,Now as this aircraft is mostly operated by regional airlines or widely used for ferry flights this aircraft perfectly fits the the vacancy for a cheap to maintain and operate aircraft that can do these small but tedious jobs

2)Cessna Grand Caravan

About The Cessna Grand Caravan

The Cessna 208 Caravan is a utility aircraft produced by Cessna. The project was commenced on November 20, 1981, and the prototype first flew on December 9, 1982. The production model was certified by the FAA in October 1984 and its Cargomaster freighter variant was developed for FedEx

The Utimate Utility Plane

The Cessna Grand Caravan aircraft is known for its dependable and efficient performance by regional airlines, charter operators and cargo carriers worldwide. The Grand Caravan turboprop was engineered for challenging missions, high payloads and short, rough runways while delivering single-engine economy and simplicity.

The Grand Caravan aircraft has a reputation as a revenue generator. It carries up to 14 occupants with an increased speed and climb capability, plus a takeoff ground roll of only 1,399 ft. Its powerful Pratt & Whitney Canada engine delivers 867 horsepower for dependable payload performance and superior efficiency. Experience true value with low direct operating costs and factory support

3)Daher-Socata TBM 900

About The TBM 900

The Daher TBM 900 is a single engine turboprop that is typically outiftted with one cabin zone and has a range of 989 nm. The aircraft has been in production since 2014 and there have been approximately 109 aircraft produced

One Of The Fastest Turboprops

Simply put, the TBM 900 is one of the fastest, most economical TBM to date, with maximum cruise speeds of 330 to 335 knots (compared to the TBM 850's advertised 320 knots), the shortest takeoff distances in the fleet (2,380 feet under ISA conditions, a 16-percent reduction over the TBM 850),this might give you an idea of the capabilities of this aircraft which,honestly can fill a book worth of pages,apart from being rare as it is today it still manages to keep up with all the new aircraft,and sometimes it might even prove to be superior to some

4)PA-46-500TP Malibu Meridian

About The PA-46-500TP Malibu MeridianThe Piper PA-46 Malibu and Matrix, now known as the M-Class, are a family of American light aircraft manufactured by Piper Aircraft of Vero Beach, Florida. The aircraft is powered by a single engine and has the capacity for one pilot and five passengers. Early Malibus were all piston-engined, but a turboprop version, introduced as the Malibu Meridian but now called the M500, is also available. Currently, Piper offers the M350, M500, and M600 in the PA-46 family.

The PA-46 was the third single-engined piston aircraft with a pressurized cabin to reach the market, after the Mooney M22 and Cessna P210 Centurion, and is the only one still in production


Work on the PA-46 began in the late 1970s,with a prototype (the PA-46-300T) first flying on November 30, 1979. The type was announced in November 1982, apparently to compete with Cessna's newest creation of the era, the P210 Centurion. Like the Centurion, the Malibu was to feature cabin pressurization 5.5 psi (380 HPa), a feature not included on the prototype

5)Beechcraft Bonanza

About The Beechcraft Bonanza

The Beechcraft Bonanza is an American general aviation aircraft introduced in 1947 by Beech Aircraft Corporation of Wichita, Kansas. The six-seater, single-engined aircraft is still being produced by Beechcraft and has been in continuous production longer than any other aircraft in history

Design And Development

At the end of World War II, two all-metal light aircraft emerged, the Model 35 Bonanza and the Cessna 195, that represented very different approaches to the premium end of the postwar civil-aviation market.[citation needed] With its high-wing, seven-cylinder radial engine, fixed tailwheel undercarriage, and roll-down side windows, the Cessna 195 was a continuation of prewar technology. The Bonanza, however, featured an easier-to-manage, horizontally opposed, six-cylinder engine, retractable tricycle undercarriage (although the nosewheel initially was not steerable, but castering)[7][verification needed] and low-wing configuration

Rudraksh Kapooria

Grade 9

The Shishukunj International School, Indore

- - - -

Aircraft List

@Pilatus PC-12

@Cessna Grand Caravan

@Daher-Socata TBM 900

@PA-46-500TP Malibu Meridian

@Beechcraft Bonanza

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Wednesday, 31 August 2022

Quest Kodiak Turboprop 9-Passenger Utility Monoplane

 Quest Kodiak Turboprop 9-Passenger Utility Monoplane

#Quest #Kodiak #Turboprop #9-Passenger #Utility #Monoplane

#How much does a Quest Kodiak cost.

#How much fuel does a Kodiak 100 burn hourly.

#How much does a Kodiak 100 Series 3 cost.

#Are Kodiak aircraft pressurized.

The Daher Kodiak (formerly Quest Kodiak) is an American utility aircraft designed by and originally manufactured by Quest Aircraft. Manufacturing was taken over by Daher in 2019 after its purchase of Quest Aircaft.[3] The high-wing, unpressurized, single-engined turboprop has a fixed tricycle landing gear and is suitable for STOL operations from unimproved airfields.

Design began in 1999, it made its maiden flight on October 16, 2004, and was certified on 31 May 2007 before first delivery in January 2008. By 2021, 300 were delivered.

Tuesday, 30 August 2022

Hamburger Flugzeugbau HFB-320 Hansa Jet Twin-Engine, 10-Seat Business Jet

 Hamburger Flugzeugbau HFB-320 Hansa Jet Twin-Engine, 10-Seat Business Jet

#Hamburger. #Flugzeugbau. HFB-320 #Hansa. Jet #TwinEngine. 10-Seat #Business. Jet.

#What is the HFB 320 Hansa Jet.

#What kind of plane is a Hansa Jet.

#What was the cost of the HFB 320.

#What happened to the Hansa Jet.

The HFB 320 Hansa Jet is a twin-engine, ten-seat business jet that was designed and produced by German aircraft manufacturer Hamburger Flugzeugbau between 1964 and 1973. The most recognisable and unconventional feature of the aircraft is its forward-swept wing.

The Hansa Jet begun development during the 1960s, the selection of the forward-swept wing can be largely attributed to head engineer Hans Wocke, who had previously worked on the experimental Junkers Ju 287. It possessed a spacious cabin, which was achieved due to its wing design, but was a relatively heavy aircraft, posing some issues during both take-off and landing. On 21 April 1964, the prototype conducted its maiden flight. On 12 May 1965, the first prototype was lost during a test flight, killing Hamburger Flugzeugbau's chief test pilot; several design changes were made to change the Hansa Jet's stall characteristics

Monday, 29 August 2022

The Top 10 Piston Aircraft Single Piston Engine Aircraft Multi Piston Engine Aircraft

 The Top 10 Piston Aircraft

1) Single Piston Engine Aircraft

2) Multi Piston Engine Aircraft


                     SINGLE PISTON 

1)Cirrus SR22

About The SR22

The Cirrus SR22 is a single-engine four- or five-seat composite aircraft built from 2001 by Cirrus Aircraft of Duluth, Minnesota. It is a development of the Cirrus SR20, with a larger wing, higher fuel capacity, and a more powerful, 310-horsepower engine


The Cirrus Airframe Parachute System (CAPS) is a whole-plane ballistic parachute recovery system designed specifically for Cirrus Aircraft's line of general aviation light aircraft including the SR20, SR22 and SF50.

2)Piper M600

About The Piper M600

The M600 aircraft is developed and upgraded from the M500 fuselage. It features a new wing design, more powerful engine and improved interior with Garmin G3000 avionics. The exterior dimensions of the aircraft include a length of 9.1m (29ft 10in), height of 3.5m (11ft 4in) and wingspan of 13.2m (43ft 2in).

Tech Knowledge

A look at the numbers, the Piper M600 can carry 4 passengers with full fuel an NBAA IFR range of 1,406 nm and max cruise speed of 274 knots

3)Cessna 172

About The Cessna 172

The Cessna 172 Skyhawk is an American four-seat, single-engine, high wing, fixed-wing aircraft made by the Cessna Aircraft Company. First flown in 1955, more 172s have been built than any other aircraft. It was developed from the 1948 Cessna 170 but with tricycle landing gear rather than conventional landing gear

Flight Range

The Cessna 172 has a maximum range of 686 nmi or 801 miles or 1,289km. It can also fly with 45 minutes reserve at 55% at a height of 12,000 feet or 3,657 m


Modern Cessna 172's have a maximum altitude of 13,000ft - 15,000ft. Anything over 10,000ft is known as the transition layer, and pilots should not cruise above this altitude. For long haul flights, it's recommended to cruise at 9,500ft and 4,500ft for short flights

4)Cessna 400

About The Cessna 400

The Cessna 400, marketed as the Cessna TTx, is a single-engine, fixed-gear, low-wing general aviation aircraft built from composite materials by Cessna Aircraft. The Cessna 400 was originally built by Columbia Aircraft as the Columbia 400 until December 2007

A Look At The Numbers

The Cessna 400 Can Fly Upto 2,038 km / 1,107 nm

5)Cessna 182

About The Cessna 182

The Cessna 182 Skylane is an American four-seat, single-engined light airplane built by Cessna of Wichita, Kansas. It has the option of adding two child seats in the baggage area

Cheap To Operate

The Cessna 182 burns about 14 gallons per hour with Avgas typically costing about $6 per gallon, hourly fuel costs for the Piper PA-28 run between $84 per hour.         




About The G58 Baron

The Beechcraft Baron is a light twin-engined piston aircraft designed and produced by Beechcraft. The aircraft was introduced in 1961. A low-wing monoplane developed from the Travel Air, it remains in production


Barons come in three basic types: the Baron 55 (short body), Baron 56 (short body) and Baron 58 (long body), with several sub-variants each.

2)Cessna 421

About The 421

The Cessna 421 Golden Eagle is an American six or seven seat twin-engined light transport aircraft, developed in the 1960s by Cessna as a pressurized version of the earlier Cessna 411


The CESSNA 421C, manufactured from 1976 - 1985, requires a 1 person crew and can transport up to 7 passengers. The aircraft has a maximum operating altitude of 30,200', a normal cruise speed of 231 KTS/266 MPH, and a 1,151 NM/1,324 SM seats-full range

3)Cessna 340

About the 340

The Cessna 340 is a twin piston engine pressurized business aircraft that was manufactured by Cessna. The Cessna 335 is an unpressurized version, which appears the same externally as the 340. It sold in fewer numbers than the 340


The Cessna 340 has a published climb rate of 1,650 feet per minute in standard conditions, and that climb rate drops to 315 feet per minute on one engine. Reality will yield slightly less. What really makes this aircraft great is the pressurized cabin

4)Piper Seminole—PA-44

About The Seminole-PA-44The Piper PA-44 Seminole is an American twin-engined light aircraft manufactured by Piper Aircraft. The PA-44 is a development of the Piper Cherokee single-engined aircraft and is primarily used for multi-engined flight training. The Seminole was built in 1979–1982, in 1989–1990, and has been in production since 1995

5)Piper Seneca V—PA-34-220T

About The Seneca V—PA-34-220T

IFR, VFR, VFR NIGHT. The Piper PA34-220T Seneca V is a six-seat, twin-engine, all-metal low wing aircraft equipped with analog flight and engine instruments, the Garmin Garmin GNS530 and GNS430 guidance systems, and an Avidyne precipitation radar, making it suitable for MEP and MEP/IR training 

Rudraksh Kapooria

(Grade 9,

The Shishukunj International School, Indore)